Inflammation: Acute Inflammation and Chronic Inflammation

Inflammation Inflammation is the complex defence response triggered due to cell injury and found in vascularized connective tissue. It eliminates the injurious agents and remove the damaged tissue components so that healing can take place. Inflammation leads to accumulation of fluids and leukocytes in extracellular tissues. Inflammation is associated with repair and healing. In this … Read more

Basic Principles of Cell Injury and Adaptation

Introduction The cell undergoes a variety of changes in response to the injury. Some injuries may lead to the cell death. Injuries stimuli triggers the cellular adaptation process. The principal targets of cell injury are cell membranes, mitochondria, protein synthesis machinery and DNA. Control of the rate of cell death to the rate of cell … Read more