Complexometric titrations

Complexometric titrations Complexometric titration, also known as chelatometry, is a form of volumetric analysis. It’s particularly useful for determining a mixture of different metal ions in solution. The formation of a colored complex is used to indicate the end point of the titration. The reaction reaches equilibrium rapidly after each portion of titrant is added, … Read more

Precipitation Titrations

Precipitation titrations Precipitation titrations are a type of titration that involves the formation of a precipitate during the titration process. In a precipitation titration, a solution of a known concentration (the titrant) is added to a solution of the substance being studied (the analyte). The titrant reacts with the analyte to produce a precipitate, which … Read more

Acid Base Titrations

Acid base titrations Acid-base titration is a quantitative analytical chemistry technique used to determine the concentration of an unknown acid or base solution by neutralizing it with a standard solution of known concentration. The process involves the gradual addition of the titrant (the solution of known concentration) to the analyte (the solution of unknown concentration) … Read more

Errors in Pharmaceutical Analysis

Errors Errors in pharmaceutical analysis refer to the discrepancies between the standard values and the true value. These errors can affect the accuracy and reliability of pharmaceutical analysis, and it’s crucial to identify and minimize them to ensure the quality and safety of pharmaceutical products. In this article we will see sources of errors, types … Read more

Semisolid dosage forms

Semisolid dosage forms Semisolid dosage forms are medications that are neither solid nor liquid, but somewhere in between. They are typically applied to the skin, nasal mucosa, cornea, rectal or vaginal tissue, buccal tissue, ear, or urethral membrane. Examples include ointments, pastes, creams, emulsions, gels, and rigid foams. They contain one or more active ingredients … Read more

Pharmaceutical incompatibilities

Pharmaceutical incompatibilities Pharmaceutical incompatibilities refer to situations where two or more substances are mixed or come into contact, resulting in a negative effect on the quality, stability, efficacy, or safety of one or more of the substances. Incompatibilities can occur between different drugs, drug components, excipients, or drug delivery systems. It’s important to identify and … Read more

Department of Atomic Energy Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research Kalpakkam, pharmacist recruitment 2024

Department of Atomic Energy Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research Kalpakkam, pharmacist recruitment 2024 Department of Atomic Energy Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research Kalpakkam has released latest notification for the pharmacist recruitment 2024. Online applications are invited for Direct Recruitment from eligible Indian Citizens for appointment to following posts in different Constituent Units of … Read more


Emulsion Emulsion is a biphasic liquid disperse system where the dispersed phase is composed of small globules of a liquid distributed throughout in an immiscible vehicle. In emulsion terminology, the dispersed phase is referred to as the discontinuous or internal phase, and the dispersion medium is the continuous or external phase. The diameter of the … Read more