Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD)

Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) Ischemic heart disease is an acute or chronic cardiac disability caused by imbalance between the myocardial oxygen demand and supply of oxygenated blood. The term coronary artery disease is alternatively used for ischemic heart disease. Cardiac function is largely depended on continuous flow of oxygenated blood through the coronary arteries. The … Read more

Congestive Heart Failure (CHF): Pathophysiology

Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Congestive heart failure is a long-term condition in which heart can not pump blood well enough to provide normal supply to body. Due to reduced cardiac output, body cannot perform its normal metabolic needs. The reduced supply of oxygen and nutrients may lead to inadequate tissue perfusion, vascular, cardiac and pulmonary … Read more

Basic Principles Involved in Wound Healing

Basic Principles Involved in Wound Healing Wound healing is a complex and dynamic process. Physiology of wound healing involves various phases such as hemostasis, inflammation, proliferation and maturation. A wound can occur due to various reasons. In order to understand basic principles involved in wound healing we need to understand layers of the skin first. … Read more

Cell Junction

Cell junction Cell junctions are cellular structures, made up of multiprotein complexes. Cell junctions play a crucial role in maintaining the structural integrity and functioning coordination of tissue in multicellular organisms. In humans cell junction serve as a building block of a biological connectivity, facilitating communication and cooperation between neighbouring cells. Cell junctions also helps … Read more